General / May, 23 2017

Introduction to Squat Racks: Benefits, uses and types.

A squat rack is a piece of gym equipment which is adjustable in height and holds an Olympic bar so it can be used to perform squats. The technique is not so straightforward and requires a lot of practice before the movement can be performed safely and effectively. Fortunately we have provided guidance on how the squat technique can be executed.

If executed with poor form this can cause injury especially to your lower back and knees. Therefore we recommend starting with just the bar until you get use to the movement. When done correctly the benefits to the primary targeted muscles being the quads and glutes are massive.

What else it can be used for

With Olympic weight benches you bench using an Olympic bar, with dumbbell or adjustable weight benches you bench using dumbbells but if you place a squat rack above a dumbbell weight bench it also allows you to bench with an Olympic bar.

You may be able to get away with using dumbbells to bench with an Olympic weight bench but the chances are the dumbbells may come into contact with the fixed rack even more so if you’re tall.

Combining a squat rack with a dumbbell weight bench really gives you a lot more options with the number of workouts you can do. 

If you place a calf block near the squat stand then you can also effectively work your calves.  This would actually work on your gastrocnemius muscle, whereas a seated calf raise machine focuses more on your soleus muscle but both together will give you overall growth of your calves.

Different types of squat racks

There are a few different types of squat racks, although there’s no official name for the different types of squat racks, they’re usually just headed under one category as squat rack/stand but there are some noticeable differences between the different types of squat racks which we will point out. The most common types are:

Squat stand




This comes as 2 separate squat stands which is not connected together, this is completely freestanding and the height can be adjusted to accommodate different heights. Our York Squat Stand would fit into this type, as picture bellow.

squat rack


  • Very light and portable.
  • Takes up a lot less space than other squat racks.
  • The squat stands can be placed closer to accommodate shorter bars that are 5 foot or 6 foot.


  • Need to add weight plates on the storage peg of each squat stand to maintain stability.
  • No place to store additional weight plates.

Squat rack cage 

Squat rack cages tend to be very heavy duty and durable, the safety mechanism is probably one of the best you would get when working out. Our York FTS Power Cage is a good example for this type of rack.


  • Safety spotters will prevent accidents as long as it’s placed correctly.
  • Gives you a lot more confidence to lift heavier.


  • Takes up a lot of space.
  • More expensive than other squat racks.

Standard squat rack 

This type of squat rack is probably what comes to mind for most people, doesn’t take up as much room as a squat rack cage but also the safety spotters are not as advanced as the squat rack cage. Check out our commercial squat rack, if you are looking for one of these models.

squat rack


  • There is usually quite a few storage pegs to store additional weight plates.
  • Strong and sturdy, wouldn’t require weight plates to hold it down like the squat stands would.


  • Won’t work as well for benching as the squat stands and cage would.
  • Can also be quite expensive.




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